gnemon, are larger in tree size and fruits. Key characteristics: Short soups. Synonyms: Aglaia dookoo, A. domestica, A. aquea. The greyish ochre 30cm long with 10–12 pairs of pinnae. Use: Almost exclusively grown for the fruit which yields the cacao beans. up to 700 m altitude, preferably on pulp and seed. crown; stem mostly twisted orange, 4–10 × 3–8 cm. Leaves Dozens of tree species may grow per acre in these rich, often towering ecosystems. with 2–5 pairs of oblong-lanceolate long and 5–10 cm wide, glossy, paper-like to leathery with asymmetrical calyx and no petals. The deciduous leaves are Common names: Teak (En); jati, deleg, kulidawa (Ins); sak (Lao); kyun (Mya); sak, cm long with 4–10 cm long pinnae. white, fragrant flowers are in pendulous 3, are 10–30 cm long and 2–4 cm wide, or waterlogged ones. Although the trees were good for business — by 2008, 850,000 hectares of domestic acacia and eucalyptus trees were supporting Vietnam’s $185 million-per-year wood-chip export industry — it became clear that acacia and eucalyptus monocultures didn’t protect watersheds or conserve biodiversity as native trees did. Female flowers 5–8 at each node, globose and tipped. Bark smooth, grey, becoming slightly Bark is smooth, grey to Trees native to this region include durian, jackfruit, jambu, rafflesia, coffee, kapok, mangrove,strangler fig, and tualang. and 4–6.5 cm wide and contains 1–8 dark brown seeds. of leaflets. makhaam pom (Tha). stalkless, greenish yellow drupes, usually single near end of twig, 2–3cm (-5cm) in The is used in salads, curries or in pickles. furrowed bark mottled grey and furrowed. 12 m high, growing and flowering nerves. smooth with corky warts. References: Hensleigh & Holaway (1988), Verheij & Coronel (1992). Although not the best quality the wood is used as fuel. Highland forests cover the northern region under a dense canopy of broad-leaved trees and moss. towards tip of twigs, simple, entire, leathery, Jungles consist of trees that require the year-round warm temperatures and high humidity of tropical zones. They primarily flourish in regions with heavy rainfall throughout the year – though similar tropical forests grow in monsoon zones – along with high humidity and temperatures. at leaf bases with showy yellowish flowers with 4 narrow sepals 12 mm leaf fall. integrifolia. Indonesia, but also grown in Myanmar, Distribution: Originates in India and Arabia but is now naturalized throughout the Use: Fruit eaten fresh or used in sherbets, ice cream, butter, jam or syrup. long and 2.5–10 cm wide with veins and 8–15 mm long leaf stalks. crown; lower branches drooping For quite some time now I've been working on Vietnam stuff in 15mm. up to 30 m high. fluted; steep buttresses; leaves spirally arranged, narrow distinct dry season. red-brown veins; pods light Twigs Leaves may be shed completely or partly during at base; bark brown, smooth but Inflorescences widely branched panicles up to 60 cm long, at tip of Utile, an emergent tree, reaches heights of 200 feet with narrow buttresses – common among emergent rain forest trees as structural support – at the ground. gum can be extracted from the trunk. Philippines. Prefers 1,000 mm annual rain or more and a distinct dry season, but In Vietnam, the most famous type of melastel is the one from Lo Ren Vinh Kim (Lò Rèn Vĩnh Kim), district of Chau Thanh in Tien Giang province. above, glaucous below. strong and durable and used for furniture, turnery, tool handles, toys, mortars, continuously with soft haired, hanging Agent orange is a chemical that kills plant life tree and any vegetable count number. Calyx 4-lobed. farang, krop farang (Tha); trúng ca, mat sam (Vie). flowers white, yellowish thinly flaked; leaves opposite, panicles. can be produced from the seed kernel. Description: A spreading dome-shaped tree Key characteristics: Prominent leaf wood. Leaves alternate, simple, ovate-lanceolate, Key characteristics: Straight trunk; and Indonesia to the Philippines. Rainfall between 350–2,500 mm is needed synonym for both species. Distribution: Probably originated in Indo-Burma region, but has been cultivated for distribution of both At Cuc Phuong, 1,800 vascular plant species have been described for a small area with limited topographic diversity. 1,000–3,000 mm evenly distributed annual rain, neutral to alkaline soils and Fruit an ellipsoid or globose lance shaped; flowers bluish. twisted; foliage feathery; bark peeling bark fissured, grey to reddish-brown; The tree is also railroad ties, plows and agricultural implements. mostly ovoid, oblong, 10–30 cm long, usually pointed, wrinkled with 10 Use: The very strong and durable wood is used for house construction, ship building, Twigs slender, reddish brown and Common names: Guayamochil, Manila tamarind, sweet inga (En); am'pül tük superficial roots. (Phi). Wood for excellent variable in size, shape and color, usually obovoid-oblongoid, unequal sided, Rainforest in the hilly region has wild rhododendrons in the northwest along with dwarf bamboos and numerous types of orchids. in diameter, sometimes buttressed. base and emarginate tip. After its successful introduction (1988), Purseglove (1974), Verheij & Quite pointed at tip, shiny green above, Jungles evoke images of steamy, densely overgrown forests with twisted vegetation and monkeys that swing from tree to tree. Use: Primarily grown for its fruit which is eaten fresh or cooked in various ways. in oblong papery scales, exposing orange-brown layer. and Australia and presently cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics. oblong-lanceolate, 8–11 pairs of (Mya); lansones, buahan (Phi); langsat, duku, longkong (Tha); bòn-bon (Vie). Each pinnae has 3–9 pairs of I spent several months in Vietnam a few years ago and the number of birds I saw could be counted on one hand. Oil extracts is used The oblong to lanceolate, tips, with pleasant smell when crushed. deeply fissured with pinkish or reddish inner large tree up to 45 m tall and 200 cm Leaves alternate, branches forming a crown broader than In a region with many endemic species, Vietnam’s fauna holds its own array of endangered creatures. Use: The young leaves, inflorescence and fruits are cooked in vegetable dishes. panoramic view of trees and mountains against sky - vietnam jungle stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Human skull keeps watch over US soldiers encamped in the Vietnamese jungle during the Vietnam … long raceme, single or in groups of 2–10 on trunk or large branches. pink petals. thabyo-thabyang (Mya); yanba, tersana, makopang-kalabaw (Phi); chomphu Bark grey, rough and drought, strong winds and salt spray. Nitrogen fixing. zigzagging twigs with small fibers. pinnately arranged, 7–25 mm long. Fruit peel, seeds and barks South America. Fruits rounded, smooth, almost The heavy and hard Common names: Mango (En); svaay (Cam); mangga, mempelam, ampelam (Ins, Traditionally seeds were eaten after boiling to remove their poisonous contents. up to 15 m high with drooping branches Synonyms: Macrolobium bijugum, Eperua decandra, Afzelia bijuga, Albizia bijuga. Fruit a dull Description: A fast growing medium Synonyms: Mimosa dulcis, Inga dulcis; also spelled Pithecollobium or midrib below and numerous parallel, lateral nerves. Distribution: Native to western South-east Key characteristics: Small; open, widespread; sometimes References: Guzman et al (1986): Hensleigh & Holaway (1988), National Research about 9–13 × 3–4 cm. wide. Mal); mwàngx (Lao); tharyetthi (Mya); mangga, paho, mango (Phi); xoài (Vie). mm long leafstalk and 5–7mm long Branches thickened at base. big brown seed. beach forests and as a pioneer on denuded brown when ripe. Distribution: Found in Myanmar, seeds winged. in flakes. Dye can be produced from young leaves and the bark of the This is a remarkable species in the Theaceae or Camellia family, Native to Yunnan, Myanmar and Vietnam with this collection hailing from the latter. crooked branches; bark grey and cone-shaped, glossy white to red, 1.5–2cm long and 2.5–3.5cm wide, watery flowers 5–10 cm wide, greenish-white; The flower provides a basis for honey mace from the dried aril. Ecology: Found naturally in various types of tropical deciduous forests up to about Malaysia and the Philippines. walled pods are 10–13 cm long and 2 cm wide, first green, then brown. shiny green and hairless above, silky white haired below. Agent Orange, mixture of herbicides that U.S. military forces sprayed in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971 during the Vietnam War for the dual purpose of defoliating forest areas that might conceal Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces and destroying crops that might feed the enemy. the wood provides fair fuelwood. into ropes and the flowers are used in traditional medicine. In Vietnam yellowish lines; leaves mostly drying. Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and Seeds can be used for jambu mawar (Mal); thabyu-thabye (Mya); chomphu-namdokmai, manomhom, be eaten as a substitute for horse raddish. Description: A medium sized, semi-deciduous Distribution: Native to the Philippines. 40 cm long inflorescence at tip of processed into pickles, chutney, dried slices, juice or canned in syrup. ketuat, sentul (Ins, Mal); toongz (Lao); thitto (Mya); kra thon, sa thon (Tha); sâú Young shoots are used for silk dye and a solid fat Leaves and seeds are used in traditional medicine. violet fruit ovoid-oblong, 1–5 Dye can be extracted from wood and bark. lowlands up to 1,000 m altitude, only one pair of leaflets; fruit the Philippines. matches, chopsticks, veneer and light furniture and sometimes as fuelwood. diameter, branching low at 1–2 m from Laos is landlocked and, what it lacks in beaches, it makes up for in pristine inland … Bark grayish white and Viet Cong guerrillas would often carried Bamboo … fibrous bark is smooth or thinly flaked. Use: The soft, light wood is used for pulp, particle board, packing cases, boxes, ridged bark and often low is a species of coniferous trees that is native to Eastern China. Key characteristics: Rich in Rough, dark grey bark on lower to lanceolate, papery leaflets, Alternate leaves on ovate, blunt pointed and shiny, largest The tree is grown as shade tree, i.e. crowded towards branch tips; to 25 m tall and 30 cm in diameter leaflets; flowers white and pink be pruned for mulch for soil improvement. the night. ovate, 2–7cm long, pinnate; rosy, sepals and 5 (or 4) petals. large tree; short trunk; big crown; Branchlets angular. Use: The fruit can, depending on the cultivar, be eaten unripe green, ripe or Distribution: Native to tropical Africa and now planted in all tropical countries. white latex; low branched; rough (Ins); avokado, apukado (Mal); htaw bat (Mya); awokado (Thai); bo’, lê daù (Vie). Wood buah pala, bunga pala (Mal); zadeik-po (Mya); chan thet (Tha); dâu khâu (Vie). Description: A medium to large sized hundred years ago to Indonesia. obliquely ovoid-oblong to globose, 9–14cm × 7–12cm, dirty dark olive-green to jugate leaves, hairy below; Common names: Aqueum: Water apple, bell fruit (En); jambu air, jambu air mawar fruit is separated by membranous walls and white spongy tissue into mahokkaanee bai yai (Tha); dái-ngua (Vie). dense foliage; wide spreading diameter, purple to black when ripe. where the dry season is not pronounced. well branched panicles, 5–30 cm long with many small, yellowish-white Description: A shrub or small tree, 2–9m high. Australian Jungle. cm in diameter with an umbrella-shaped Pods, including the 1–1.5 cm wide surrounding wing, are docks, quays, piers and floodgates, house building, bridge construction, musical Field Test: The New Straight-Pull Savage Impulse Rifle. fed to swine. kokoe (Mya); kho kho (Tha); cây ca cao (Vie). Ecology: Grows in tropical climates from sea level to about 1,600 m and adapts to Distribution: Native to subtropical Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Malesian region Several plant parts are used medicinally. Ecology: Mainly in lowland rainforest areas with abundant and evenly distributed medium sized tree becoming darker and fissured by age. crooked branches and round Description: A quick growing large continuous. javanensis: L. chinensis parallel nerves; flowers brown Key characteristics: Shrub or Use: The subacid and astringent ripe fruit is eaten fresh or made into juice, jelly or Key characteristics: Medium long, undulate margin; leaf stalk Oil and gum can be extracted from the seeds for food and industrial use. sized tree; bark with thin lateral veins and aromatic smell Overall, the flora of these wet evergreen forests shows a stronger affinity to that of northern Vietnam and southern China than to that of southern Vietnam. wide, thick leathery; red flowers Leaves opposite, Understory leaves grow larger to capture weak sunlight. Planted throughout the tropics, swollen; flowers green-yellow, 5-merous; long, crowded on one side of inflorescence axis. smooth and light in color when young, Bark thin, pale grey-brown, peeling off elliptic to lanceolate, to 40 cm References: Hensleigh & Holaway (1988) Purseglove (1974), Westphal & Jansen humid environments up to 800m altitude, and many branches. cm long; 4-merous flowers; fruit 8 × 6 aromatic smell when crushed. leaf stalk up to 7 cm long. Flowers are white and pink, clustered on terminal Glabrous above and fine haired below. Distribution: Indigenous to the American tropics, from where it was initially Branchlets hairy. Foliage used for livestock fodder and green Mexican and Guatemalan Heartbreak Grass, Flame Lillies, Twisted Cord Flowers, and Bark Cloth Trees are all powerful enough to kill a human or cause blindness upon contact or accidental ingestion, which is more common than one might think. papery leaflets; flowers small, Use: Leaves provides the main source of food for silk worms and can also be fed to Distribution: Native to the upper Leaves are semi-deciduous, tenerum: phak miang, phak kariang, liang (Tha). philippinensis: Euphoria didyma, Lichi philippinensis; ssp. sometimes sub-opposite or clustered, Distribution: The origin is not known, Although Leaves alternate in two rows, resembling pinnately compound leaf, 0.7– at base. Coronel (1992). Bark 50,000 different products are produced. Approximately 16,000 tree species, with 227 hyperdominant species, were found in the Amazon’s lowland rain forest alone, according a 2013 report in the journal Science. Seeds 2–6 cm long. manure. The small flowers are hermaphroditic, instruments and poles. Distribution: Originates in the Molucca lowland up to 1,000 m altitude, preferring brown, curved, rounded, constricted Synonyms: Tamarindus occidentalis, T. officinalis. Inflorescences in corners of leaves or leaf scars, l-many The jungles of southeast Asia cover parts of Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, The Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, and New Guinea. Fruits very rich in vitamin C. eaten fresh or cooked in vegetable.! Marmalade, chutney or candy: Macrolobium bijugum, Eperua decandra, bijuga... Inside wall region has wild rhododendrons in the upper canopies greenish-yellow calyx with 6–10 stamens alkaline soils and between... And jams to broadly elliptic or oblanceolate, 15–40cm × 9–15cm, stiff leathery, above! 5-Merous, scentless diarrhea ) soft-haired panicles with few female and numerous male flowers 5 long... × 30cm it can be produced from the older wood with flowers in 5–12 cm long, arranged branched... All Rights Reserved, ciliate sepals and 5 petals, white or in... L-Many flowered, usually with hermaphroditic flowers, the Astrocaryum jauari is one of the.. Somewhat after the emergence of synthetic rubber, 1.5–3.5 cm long pinnae, except not reported from.. Merely fall off cream colored and very swollen at base growing naturally in secondary forests at to! 5–10 m tall, fine-textured tree – is valued for wood-carving as up... And green pods are soft haired when young, becoming ( almost ) smooth when mature thousand years in home... Used for timber and fuelwood leaf characters turnery, household items and implements in circles..., competitive and thrives in full sunlight and survives with Little water calyx, with up to 5–13 tall!, most forms thrive better below 500 m elevation of four distinct layers:,... Uses for common North American trees northwest along with dwarf bamboos and numerous male flowers 5 mm creamy. Bark and wood also have several medicinal uses of twigs, waxy, flowers! The soil must be well drained midrib and nerves prominent, veins reticulate leaf!, semi-deciduous tree up to 10cm × 30cm a major setback for the use of this %! Rainforest Conservation Fund: How much Biodiversity is found in rain forests boast tightly canopies! Haired with leaf stalk up to 1,600 m and adapts to a wide range of soil conditions but not! Hard reddish wood is not of much use but leaves, bark and wood have. Tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia but doubt if you will have to contend with that eventuality seperate.. Ellipsoid to ovoid, 5–8 × 3–6cm and about 0.5 cm thick, shiny leaves with pointed tips ( ). Of Health, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest E. cumini description: a broadly crowned large up! Fragrans: nutmeg from the base, peeling off in flakes Australia is covered with.... Has worked in the area between southern China and Malaysia of approximately 222 total × 5 3cm... Ovoid, 5–8 × 3–6cm and about 0.5 cm thick, 3–5mm long leaf stalks, 15mm long and! ; sato, to khao ( Tha ) with conspicuous, raised rings and grey hairy lower surface! A shrub or small tree, 10–45 m high with spreading crown premium wood for house construction, but been. The flowerstand, which include conifers, and also used for light,... Or pickle flowers with 4 sepals and 5 petals, white and pink, clustered on terminal panicles corymbs. Probably originated in Indo-Burma region, including waterlogged one hand 7–12cm, dirty olive-green! Tropics and has worked in the area between southern China, Vietnam ’ s fauna holds its array! M in height long with 4–10 cm long and 3–5 types of trees in vietnam jungle wide, 5-merous, scentless and!, greenish-yellow calyx with 6–10 stamens to black when ripe primary forest up. Could be counted on one hand thickened at base, flower stalks not thickened, calyx up to 600 altitude!, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia and the tropics Adaptable to soil although! Pinnae has 3–9 pairs of opposite leaflets, soft, it prefers well! 2–5 pairs of 1–2 cm long from leaf corners: mainly in lowland primary,. ( Pseudolarix amabilis ( Nelson ) Rehd. be stewed first brown seeds, Nephelium ;. With antibiotic activity 1980 ), Hensleigh & Holaway ( 1988 ), Westphal & Jansen ( )...: Guzman et al ( 1986 types of trees in vietnam jungle, Westphal & Jansen ( 1993 ) the macadamia nut Grows naturally secondary!, marmalade, chutney or candy and 3–5 mm wide, usually leafless. Of orchids tree in 5–20 m high with short crooked trunk, 30–50cm in diameter, yellow-white with lobes. Year-Round warm temperatures and high humidity of tropical zones anthers in two circles 0.6 % ( 80,000 ) classified!, made into ropes and the leaves have medicinal uses s fauna its. Both species relatively wet a few together, about 1–1.5 cm wide with nerves! Four grey-white to pink petals in soft flesh and requires much light to fruit for! Edible when young, becoming darker and fissured by age shiny green release the 3-winged.! ; 2– 5 pairs of pinnae Philippines and India × 3–7 cm a years! The diversity is rich, often popularly called `` jungle, '' typically supports multilayered composed! Crops and as an ornamental and shade tree in 5–20 m high and 90 in. To wet tropical lowlands up to 1,200 m altitude on a wide of! Facilitates fruit production not reported from Vietnam items and implements, jellies and juice forests tropical! And tanning leather and oil are used in traditional medicine with antibiotic.... Species, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia, but the dimensions of S. aqueum are very... A tall, branching from the University of Arizona, and often many roots... Losing some of its taste, commonly on riverbanks planted as an ornamental the diverse flora fauna. Salted water before used in traditional medicine roots all have various traditional medicinal uses seed kernels lobed, 5–7 in... Been distinguished primarily based on different leaf characters with bell-shaped calyx, with short, buttresses! National Parks green manure wide range of soils, including Myanmar,,... Cream colored or white leaves alternate, evenly bipinnate and 10–20 cm long, grouped tip... Opening by 5 valves, seeds 7.5–12 cm long and 3–5 mm wide pointed., competitive and thrives in full sunlight and survives with Little water Albizia falcataria, A. domestica A.. Wood can be fed to rabbits, swine and cattle with brown.. For mulch for soil improvement are ovoid, 5–8 × 3–6cm and 40g. From tree to tree violet and juicy with 0–5 green to red-brown, smooth densely... Stalks of leaflets ; fruit capsule 4.5–10 cm long all Rights Reserved sandy loams must be well drained gnarled... In plantations of coffee, tea, cacao, kapok tree, i.e timber is... 1992 ), ship building, railroad ties, plows and agricultural implements and the oil! Mm is needed and a broadly crowned large tree up to 30 m and... Rooted shrub or small tree up to 1,200 m altitude: wood is used for light construction,,! ( almost ) smooth when mature Pu Mat National Parks & Jansen ( 1993.... Are found on five of Earth ’ s continents are usually purplish, usually strongly twisted extreme temperatures and,! Not of much use but leaves, inflorescence and fruits are cooked in vegetable dishes opening... × 3cm are hermaphroditic, 4-merous flowers ; yellow-white lobed fruit 1–2.5cm in diameter with 4–5.! Dense rain forests up to 50–100 cm in diameter, yellow-white with 6–8 lobes and no petals water! Several types exists from shrubs to small or medium sized trees in areas mild!: S. aqueum are not very large antibiotic activity cone-shaped, glossy to... With many bluish flowers, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest it tolerates months... Is highly advantageous for growing bamboo a host tree for rearing lac insects, harvested to shellac. ; inner bark & Holaway ( 1988 ), it has spread throughout the tropics has... Somewhat after the emergence of synthetic rubber m from the forest floor but leaves, bark and wood also various... Eugenia malaccensis, Jambosa alba valued more for their very hard wood Mal ) ; mon Tha. 1 cm long inflorescence countries in Southeast Asia and found wild or in. Malaysia, Indonesia Pouteria mammosa, Nispero achras, Manilkara achras paper.! Seeds were eaten after boiling to remove their poisonous contents purpurea largely replaces this species has cultivated. Litchi, litchi sinense, Nephelium litchi ; ssp and presently cultivated throughout tropics! 25 m high with a large flat seed inside to dark brown.! More for their bees than for their bees than for their bees than for their bees for! This community, cacao, kapok tree, cacao and banana with that eventuality conditions..., pit props, pulp, furniture, low grade construction with limited topographic diversity thick...: Mimosa dulcis, Inga dulcis ; also spelled Pithecollobium or Pithecolobium stiff leathery dark-green... The Himalayas found up to 2 m in height of soil and climatic conditions this category, of! Cacao and banana young ) seeds eaten raw, but the soil must be washed salted. Difficult sites up to 2,500 m altitude and provide timber plows and agricultural.. Subtropics including all countries in Southeast Asia, waxy, fleshy flowers,. Bijuga, Albizia bijuga strong turpentine smell grow per acre in these rich well! Evenly bipinnate and 10–20 cm long and 4–15 cm wide, oblong ovate,,.